Sleep Needs of Children The description of sleep patterns, commonly referred to as sleep architecture consists of two main stages namely; REM stage and NREM stage (non-REM.) Toddlers must be able to go through two stages of sleep, namely “deep sleep” or the term sleep phase nonrapid eye movement (non-REM) and “active sleep” or commonly called REM sleep. In the “deep sleep” stage, regular brain activity continues. This phase plays an important role in repairing body cells and maximum growth hormone production around 75 percent. Whereas the active sleep phase is characterized by the presence of very fast eyeball movements, heart rate and breathing which continue to increase and are unstable with frequent dreams.
Sleep Needs Children 0-2 months old
Amount of sleep needed: 10.5 – 18 hours / day. Several studies have shown that this duration is the most ideal for growing and developing children.
- Irregular sleep patterns (up to 6-8 weeks of age) associated with hunger
- Multiple sleep periods during the day and night His sleep is active: smile, suck, body movements
Tips to Meet the Sleep Needs of Children Age 0-2 months
- Pay attention to the baby’s sleep patterns and recognize the signs when the baby is sleepy
- Put the baby in his bed when sleepy, not when he is asleep
- Sleep the baby with his back back, face and head free from blankets or other delicate items
- The bed must be safety-tested
- A quiet bedroom and dim lighting with a comfortable temperature
Sleep Needs Age 2-12 Months
Amount of sleep needed: 14-15 hours / day.
Nature of Sleep in this category
- The number of nights sleep increases
- Sleep patterns begin to appear
- Naps which originally amounted to 3-4 times changed to 1-2 times at the end of the first year
Tips to Meet the Sleep Needs of Babies 2-12 MONTHS
- Create a baby’s daily sleep schedule regularly
- Create a consistent, but enjoyable sleep routine
- Establish a friendly sleeping environment (for those who are settled and comfortable)
- Encourage your baby to sleep independently and be able to calm down
Tips for Preparing Babies to Sleep Comfortably
- Wash your baby with warm water and play for a while as a start to decrease the intensity of activity before bed.
- Wear soft and comfortable nightgowns (try cotton that easily absorbs sweat).
- Dim the baby’s room lights, gently stroke the baby and give the last milk before going to sleep.
- Play songs or sing lullabies, or read stories in a low voice.
- Give a kiss before going to sleep and let it sleep with her favorite toy..Pray in your heart “Make a healthy and intelligent child that benefits himself and the people.
Pay Attention to the Safety of Baby Cribs
- We recommend that the bed has a closed wall and not placed in a place that is easily exposed to wind.
- Choose a bed that is rather hard and flat.
- Do not be too soft that can submerge the baby’s head so that when the baby turns, his nose is covered with a mattress.
- In addition, a flat and rather firm mattress is good for the formation of muscles and spine.
- The bed sheet must be pulled tight under the mattress, so that it is not easy to tangle when the baby is moving. It is feared that the folds of the sheets could cover his nose while sleeping on his side or stomach.
- If you use a pillow, pay attention to its location, not to cover the nose.
- Don’t make the blanket too thick.
- Eve that is too hot actually makes it difficult for babies to breathe.
- Keep room temperature warm. Don’t be too hot and too cold.
- If the air is cold, cover the baby.
Sleeping Needs Age 1-3 Years
At this age 12-14 hours of sleep needs
- Sleep in the morning decreases at age + 18 months
- Most can sleep through the night with a regular sleep schedule
- Amount of sleep needed: 12-14 hours (Naps 1.5 – 3.5 hours) / day
- Important things related to sleep ability:
- Continue your bedtime routine
- Set a time
- Encourage children to be brave themselves
- The transition from sleeping in a crib to a regular bed
- Maintain a daily sleep schedule and be consistent with bedtime routines
- The sleeping environment should be the same every night and all night
- Set a time
- Use objects or objects that can provide comfort (for example dolls, toys)
Sleeping Needs Aged 3-5 Years
Amount of sleep needed: 11-13 hours / day
- Naps are usually not found again at the end of the fifth year
- Maybe there can be fear at night
- Important things related to sleep ability:
- Consistent with waking and sleeping time and routine before going to sleep
Tips for Meeting the Sleep Needs of 3-5 Years Old Baby
- Maintain a regular and consistent sleep schedule
- Continue your bedtime routine every night
- The child must be indoors in the sleep environment every night.
- The room must be cool, quiet and dim lighting, without television.
- Watch for breathing difficulties, awake at night, chronic sleep problems, and behavioral problems
Sleep needs aged 5-12 years
Amount of sleep needed: 10-11 hours / day
- Increasing children’s activities can result in reduced sleep
- The influence of television, computers, caffeine, and disease states can interfere with sleep
- Important things related to sleep ability
- Establish healthy sleep habits (For example, washing feet & hands beforehand, change into clean clothes)
- Be aware of persistent sleep problems and sleepiness during the day
Tips to Meet the Sleep Needs of School-Age Children (5-12 years)
- Introducing healthy sleep habits, disease prevention and health promotion Continue to emphasize the need for regular and consistent sleep schedules
- A child’s bedroom should support his sleep: cool, quiet and dim, without television and computer Set a time, avoid caffeine
- Watch for chronic sleep difficulties, loud snoring, difficulty breathing, wakefulness at night, and frequent drowsiness in the morning.