Origin Of Land Rover Series III (1971-1985)

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Historical car from the best inspiration in that era. Created to fight with off road and tricky way. This car make it easy to ride. The special about this car is alumunium base for bodies, so, it make long lasting and rarely to be rusted. Not about that, people like to collect this car because of uniqueness and authenticity.

The series III had the same body and engine options as the preceding IIa, including station wagons and the 1 Ton versions. Little changed cosmetically from the IIA to the series III. The series III is the most common series vehicle, with 440,000 of the type built from 1971 to 1985. The headlights were moved to the wings on late production IIA models from 1968/9 onward (ostensibly to comply with Australian, American and Dutch lighting regulations) and remained in this position for the series III. The traditional metal grille, featured on the series I, II and IIA, was replaced with a plastic one for the series-III model. The 2.25-litre engine had its compression raised from 7:1 to 8:1, increasing the power slightly (the high compression engine had been an optional fit on the IIa model for several years). During the series-III production run from 1971 until 1985, the 1,000,000th Land Rover rolled off the production line in 1976.
Fully boxed-welded steel frames distinguished Land Rovers from the beginning.
For many years, a SWB Land Rover was the shortest 7-seat vehicle available in Europe.

The series III saw many changes in the later part of its life as Land Rover updated the design to meet increased competition. This was the first model to feature synchromesh on all four gears, although some late H-suffix SIIA models (mainly the more expensive Station Wagons) had used the all-synchro box. In keeping with early 1970s trends in automotive interior design, both in safety and use of more advanced materials, the simple metal dashboard of earlier models was redesigned to accept a new moulded plastic dash. The instrument cluster, which was previously centrally located, was moved to the driver’s side. Long-wheelbase series-III vehicles had the Salisbury rear axle (the differential housing and axle case are one piece)[clarification needed] as standard, although some late SIIA 109-inch (2,800 mm) vehicles had them too.

In 1980, the 2.25-litre petrol and diesel engines received five main bearing crankshafts to increase rigidity and the transmission, axles and wheel hubs were strengthened. This was the culmination of a series of updates to the transmission that had been made since the 1960s to combat the all-too-common problem of the rear axle half-shafts breaking in heavy usage. This problem was partly due to the design of the shafts themselves. Due to the fully floating design of the rear wheel hubs, the half shafts can be removed very quickly without even having to jack the vehicle off the ground. The tendency for commercial operators to overload their vehicles exacerbated this flaw which blighted the series Land Rovers in many of their export markets and established a reputation that continues in many markets to the present day. This is despite the 1982 re-design (mainly the increase of driving-splines from 10 to 24 to reduce stress) that all but solved the problem.

Also, new trim options were introduced to make the interior more comfortable if the buyer so wished (many farmers and commercial users preferred the original, non-trimmed interior).

These changes culminated in April 1982 with the introduction of the “County” spec. Station Wagon Land Rovers, available in both 88-inch (2,200 mm) and 109-inch (2,800 mm) types. These had all-new cloth seats from the Leyland T-45 Lorry, soundproofing kits, tinted glass and other “soft” options designed to appeal to the leisure owner/user.

Of more interest was the introduction of the High Capacity Pick Up to the 109-inch (2,800 mm) chassis. This was a pick-up truck load bay that offered 25% more cubic capacity than the standard pick-up style. The HCPU came with heavy-duty suspension and was popular with public utility companies and building contractors.

These are Land Rover Series III, one of legend car in world history. Military and police used this vehicle for trainning or real war. I’ve not own this model yet. I don’t know, maybe my money not much. But, my friend who is hobby for this car, advice me to join with him to buy. His is the hobbist. He like Land Rover very much. Honestly I not really like this design, because the car is profuse. They are too expensive for me. But I’m sure it proportional to performance and power. I respect this model as the masterpiece.

Overview
Production : 1971–1985
Body and chassis
Body style  : 2-door Off-road vehicle, 4-door Off-road vehicle, 2-door pickup
Powertrain
Engine  : 2.25 L 73 hp (54 kW) I4 (Petrol), 2.25 L 62 hp (46 kW) I4 (Diesel), 2.6 L 86 hp (64 kW) I6 (Petrol), 3.5 L 91 hp (68 kW) V8 (Petrol)
Transmission :  4-speed manual main transmission, 2-speed manual transfer gearbox, Selectable 4-wheel drive
Dimensions
Wheelbase : 88.0 in (2,235 mm) (SWB), 109.0 in (2,769 mm) (LWB)
Length : 142.4 in (3,617 mm) (SWB), 175.0 in (4,445 mm) (LWB)
Width : 66.0 in (1,676 mm)
Height : 77.5 in (1,968 mm) (SWB), 81.0 in (2,057 mm) (LWB)

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